The second grade plan of studies is designed to encourage individual interests of each emergent learner.
The student becomes a responsible, thoughtful reader who is encouraged to be a convergent as well as a divergent thinker. The reading curriculum teaches the student to use strategies such as recalling significant facts and details, using context clues, sequencing, identifying the main idea in a paragraph, perceiving analogous relationships, recognizing valid inferences and classifying fictional and nonfictional literature. Each student is taught to think critically as he/she becomes a better listener, reader, writer and speaker. Materials used in this course of study are diverse and include folk literature and modern classics in both classroom and individual reading. Students continue Orton-Gillingham strategies. A study of phonics is incorporated to enable each student to develop word attack skills. The language arts curriculum is directly related to the reading program and is designed to introduce and reinforce phonics, grammar, and formal and creative writing. Writing projects regularly inspire writers to find their voice, identify an audience, and communicate their ideas clearly. Mastery of basic sentence structure, parts of speech, types of sentences, types of writing, and simple writing processes are utilized at the completion of second grade. While the focus is on finding voice as a writer, grammar lessons are introduced and reinforced for clear communication of individual thoughts and ideas.
The second grade math curriculum achieves a balance between the teaching of computational skills, problem-solving and critical thinking strategies building upon the skills learned in first grade. The following concepts are systematically introduced: numeration with addition and subtraction, estimating, word problems, measurement, money, multiplication and division, graphing, simple fractions, geometry and basic algebra. The use of manipulatives, cooperative groups, games, calculators and technology facilitate and excite the learning as the ultimate goal is accomplished – to enable the student to develop needed computational skills, understand basic math concepts, and grasp how skills are applied in daily life now and in the future.
Social Studies in the second grade explores neighborhoods and communities while incorporating history, geography, economics, citizenship and the humanities. A variety of methods such as plays, songs, maps, model building, and writing assignments which include advertisements for goods and services and narrative journals from different viewpoints create a meaningful curriculum. As the year concludes, each student is expected to have a more complete awareness and understanding of his/her culture.
Science focuses on units of study including living things and their habitats, changes in the Earth’s surface, and physical science. The student is encouraged to apply prior knowledge to new concepts and build upon this integration through experiments, research and special projects. Thematic units are used to integrate skills such as creative writing, observation, notation and research. Students visit the Science Lab weekly for a hands-on supplement to the curriculum.
The goal of Physical Education in the second grade is to expand basic movement and body awareness skills. This course teaches basic locomotor skills that help develop confidence in movement. Units throughout the year focus on different skills and include safety and rules, locomotor skills, spatial awareness, rhythmic activities and object awareness.
The second grade student spends class time developing knowledge of the Spanish language and cultures. Language development focuses on conversational Spanish, particularly expressing emotion. The student gains vocabulary in relation to different Spanish foods. Each will learn to use appropriate phrases and polite expressions to go shopping and to order in restaurants.
The second grade music curriculum expands the basic musical concepts discovered in first grade. Each student learns the musical terms for dynamics and to notate melodic sequences using so, mi, la, re, and do. Unpitched percussion instruments are also introduced and utilized in developing an understanding of rhythm. The student learns proper concert etiquette that is practiced on field trips and in-school programs.
The second grade art class is designed to promote development of fine motor skills while fostering an appreciation of different art media and styles. Skills and concepts include patterns, collage, quilling, paint application, color theory, stenciling, negative space and linear design.
The second grade media course is designed to foster a love of good literature. Classes are devoted to the introduction of different genres of literature, modern classics, and research skills.
Preschool through 4th grade Christian Education is a Bible-based curriculum that focuses on familiarizing students with stories and characters in the Bible. Through a variety of experiential learning opportunities, students work to understand how scripture informs the faith of Christians, helps them make ethical decisions, and guides their behavior in daily life.